One is "Madinat al Sufriya" meaning - "the copper city" and another is "Madinat Al Tujjar" meaning - "The city of Merchants".
Located on the Silk Road, the city has long been a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion.
On 31 August 1920, the Emir Alim Khan fled to Dushanbe in Eastern Bukhara (later he escaped from Dushanbe to Kabul in Afghanistan).
On 2 September 1920, after four days of fighting, the emir’s citadel (the Ark) was destroyed, the red flag was raised from the top of Kalyan Minaret.
The origin of many of its current inhabitants goes back to the period of Aryan immigration into the region.
The Samanid Empire seized Bukhara, the capital of Greater Khorasan, in 903 CE.
Humans have inhabited the region around Bukhara for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. But, the name Bukhara is more known than all the other names.In the latter half of the 20th century, the War in Afghanistan and Civil war in Tajikistan brought Dari and Tajik-speaking refugees into Bukhara and Samarkand.After integrating themselves into the local Tajik population, these cities face a movement for annexation into Tajikistan with which the cities have no common border.Bukhara has been one of the main centres of world civilisation from its early days in 6th century BCE.From the 6th century CE, Turkic speakers gradually moved in.
Kalân Mosque (Masjid-i Kalân), arguably completed in 1514, is equal to the Bibi-Khanym Mosque in Samarkand in size.