Throughout times, people have worn their hair in a wide variety of styles, largely determined by the fashions of the culture they live in.
Hairstyles are markers and signifiers of social class, age, marital status, racial identification, political beliefs, and attitudes about gender.
In ancient civilizations, women's hair was often elaborately and carefully dressed in special ways.
In Imperial Rome, women wore their hair in complicated styles.
It was normally little styled by cutting, as women's hair was tied up on the head and covered on most occasions when outside the home with a snood, kerchief or veil; for an adult woman to wear uncovered and loose hair in the street was often restricted to prostitutes. In the 16th century, women began to wear their hair in extremely ornate styles, often decorated with pearls, precious stones, ribbons and veils.
Women used a technique called "lacing" or "taping," in which cords or ribbons were used to bind the hair around their heads.
They set their hair in waves and curls using wet clay, which they dried in the sun and then combed out, or else by using a jelly made of quince seeds soaked in water, or curling tongs and curling irons of various kinds.
From the time of the Roman Empire until the Middle Ages, most women grew their hair as long as it would naturally grow.
During the Roman Empire as well as in the 16th century in the western world, women began to wear their hair in extremely ornate styles.
In the later half of the 15th century and on into the 16th century a very high hairline on the forehead was considered attractive.
During the 15th and 16th centuries, European men wore their hair cropped no longer than shoulder-length.