Ross,"Measurement of the intrinsic properties of materials by time-domain techniques", IEEE Trans.
Weir, "Automatic measurement of complex dielectric constant and permeability at microwave frequencies", Proc. Key words: Energy Policy, Externality, Nigeria Reference .
The characteristic parameters of permittivity ε and the permeability μ were extracted by doing several experimentations and found them to be negative.
Researchers have come up with several novel shapes which behave as metamaterials.  Alexander Remley Katko, "Artificial Negative Permeability Based on a Fractal Jerusalem Cross", Graduation thesis, 2009.
 Ref.2 above Abstract: Metamaterials (MM) have been able to make their position strong in the world of electromagnetic in the past years. Smith, et al., "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials", Physical Review E 71, 036617, 2005.
Key words: Metamaterial, negative index, permeability, permittivity, Jerusalem Cross. Shivola, "Electromagnetic mixing formulas and applications", The Institution of Electrical Enginners, London, 1999. G., "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability," Sov.
This project gives solution utilizes a distributed routing index, maintained by the nodes in the network that is dynamically updated as new observations are obtained by the nodes. I, Inyama S, and Eke H., Model for Predicting the Concentration of Sulphur Removed During Temperature Enhanced Oxidation of Iron Oxide Ore. (2004), High Efficiency Carrier Multiplication in Pb Se Nanocrystals: Implications for Solar Energy Conversion, Physical Review Letters, Vol. Key words: Translucent concrete, optical fibre, energy saving, smart construction. Zhi Zhou1,2, Ge Ou, Ying Hang, Genda Chen, Jinping Ou., Research and Development of Plastic Optical Fiber Based Smart Transparent Concrete, published on Proc. The reduced order interval MIMO models retain the steady-state value and stability of the original interval MIMO system. Our paper deals with the modelling of such translucent or transparent concrete blocks and their usage and also the advantages it brings in the field of smart construction. Jianping He, Zhi Zhou and Jinping Ou, Study on Smart Transparent Concrete Product and Its Performances ,proceedings of The 6th International Workshop on Advanced Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology ANCRi SST2011 July 25-26, 2011, Dalian, China . Filiz Klassen Material Innovations: Transparent, lightweight, malleable and responsive, from Ryerson University, Toronto Ontario, Canada. Victoria Bailey, Translucent Concrete, published on MEEN 3344-001, - MWF and ucent_concrete . The denominator of the reduced interval model is found by Least squares methods shifting about a point 'a' while the numerator of the reduced interval model is obtained by Moment matching Technique. Munro, "Model reduction by generalized least squares method", Electron. G., " A Novel model reduction method for linear discrete interval systems using Root clustering technique", Internl. Tran Department of Computer Science University of Massachusetts, Boston Razia Haider, Dr. Khattak Department of Computer Science, Military College of Signal, National University of Science & Technology, Rawalpinid, Pakistan. I., Process Analysis and Mechanism of Desulphurization of Agbaja Iron Oxide Ore, JMME, 8, 2009, 27-32. International Journal Of Advanced Smart Sensor Network Systems ( IJASSN ), Vol 2, No.2, April 2012  Khalid K. Aaron Gulliver Senior Member Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Victoria Victoria, BC, Canada,  Cuong Pham Duc A.
(1994), A Regionalized Version of Markal: The International Energy Association, Australia. The standard errors in predicting the remnant ore sulphur for each mass-input value of the iron oxide ore beneficiated (STEYX) is 0.3778 compared to experimental (0.4920) and regression model (2.805 x 10-5 ).