King Willem-Alexander lives at the Huis ten Bosch The Hague originated around 1230, when Count Floris IV of Holland purchased land alongside a pond, the present-day Hofvijver, in order to build a hunting residence.In 1248, his son and successor William II, King of the Romans, decided to extend the residence to a palace, which would later be called the Binnenhof (Inner Court).After the war, The Hague became at one time the largest building site in Europe.The city expanded massively to the south-west, and the destroyed areas were quickly rebuilt.Many Jews were killed during the German occupation.Additionally, the Atlantic Wall was built through the city, causing a large quarter to be torn down by the Nazi occupants.In modern administrative law, "city rights" have no place anymore.After the Napoleonic Wars, modern-day Belgium and the Netherlands were combined in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands to form a buffer against France.
Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands and 150 international organisations are located in the city, including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court, which makes The Hague one of the major cities hosting the United Nations, along with New York City, Geneva, Vienna, Rome, and Nairobi.
When the dukes of Burgundy gained control over the counties of Holland and Zeeland at the beginning of the 15th century, they appointed a stadtholder to rule in their stead with the States of Holland as an advisory council. At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War, the absence of city walls proved disastrous, as it allowed Spanish troops to easily occupy the town.
In 1575, the States of Holland even considered demolishing the city but this proposal was abandoned, after mediation by William of Orange.
This led to the traditional pattern of an impoverished inner city and more prosperous suburbs.
Attempts to include parts of these municipalities in the city of The Hague were highly controversial.
On 3 March 1945, the Royal Air Force mistakenly bombed the Bezuidenhout quarter.