Teachers must also be sensitive to the subtle ways in which low expectations can be conveyed.
According to researcher Sandra Graham of the University of California–Los Angeles, when a teacher expresses sympathy over failure, students typically infer that the teacher thinks they are incapable of succeeding, not that they simply may not have tried hard enough. Collaborative research and development of reciprocal teaching.
Unfortunately, numerous barriers can prevent poor and minority students from receiving good instruction. The learning styles project for potential dropouts. The instructional strategies outlined in this chapter reflect a sampling of the most exciting and determined efforts to change the way the United States educates its citizens. Making a difference in Arkansas: The multicultural reading and thinking project. Questioning promotes active reader/text interaction. These "ideas at work" range in complexity and magnitude. Some of these barriers are caused by educators' attitudes and beliefs; others are the result of institutional practices. The intent of the listing that follows is not to provide a thorough cataloguing of every barrier to sound instruction, but rather to place educators on alert. Critical thinking: Fundamental to education for a free society.
Teachers must be aware that they see students' behavior through the lens of their own culture.